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git命令git add ., git status,git commit -m "update",git push

By 钱伯斯 on 博客日记 Time 2020-08-09 from:www.dianthink.com 408人已围观
简介:    Git克隆,更新代码库命令操作,Git 有多种使用方式。 你可以使用原生的命令行模式,也可以使用 GUI 模式,这些 GUI 软件也能提供多种功能。 在本书中,我们将使用命令行模式。这是因为首先,只有在命令行模式下你才能执行 Git 的 所有 命令,而大多数的 GUI 软件只实现了 Git 所有功能的一个子集以降低操作难度。 如果你学会了在命令行下如何操作,那么你在操作 GUI 软件时应该也不会遇到什么困难,但是,反之则不成立。

git克隆,更新代码库命令操作

Git 有多种使用方式。 你可以使用原生的命令行模式,也可以使用 GUI 模式,这些 GUI 软件也能提供多种功能。 在本书中,我们将使用命令行模式。

这是因为首先,只有在命令行模式下你才能执行 Git 的 所有 命令,而大多数的 GUI 软件只实现了 Git 所有功能的一个子集以降低操作难度。 

如果你学会了在命令行下如何操作,那么你在操作 GUI 软件时应该也不会遇到什么困难,但是,反之则不成立。 

此外,由于每个人的想法与侧重点不同,不同的人常常会安装不同的 GUI 软件,但 所有 人一定会有命令行工具。

假如你是 macOS 用户,我们希望你懂得如何使用终端(Terminal);

假如你是 Windows 用户,我们希望你懂得如何使用命令窗口(Command Prompt)或 PowerShell。 

如果你尚未掌握以上技能,我们建议你先停下来快速学习一下,本书中的讲述和举例将用到这些技能。

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop (master)

$ mkdir dest.com

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop (master)

$ cd dest.com

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com (master)

$ git clone https://gitee.com/dayouke/dest.com.git --branch dev

Cloning into 'www.dest.com'...
remote: Enumerating objects: 1746, done.
remote: Counting objects: 100% (1746/1746), done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (1239/1239), done.
remote: Total 1746 (delta 500), reused 1573 (delta 416), pack-reused 0
Receiving objects: 100% (1746/1746), 8.48 MiB | 747.00 KiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (500/500), done.

Updating files: 100% (1437/1437), done. Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com (master)

$ git status

On branch master
No commits yet
Untracked files:
  (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
        ../../.bash_history
        ../../.config/
        ../../.node_repl_history
        ../../3D Objects/
        ../../AppData/
        ../../Application Data/
        ../../Contacts/
        ../../Cookies/
        ../
        ../../Documents/
        ../../Downloads/
        ../../Favorites/
        ../../IntelGraphicsProfiles/
        ../../Links/
        ../../Local Settings/
        ../../MicrosoftEdgeBackups/
        ../../Music/
        ../../My Documents/
        ../../NTUSER.DAT
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TM.blf
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TMContainer00000000000000000001.regtrans-ms
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TMContainer00000000000000000002.regtrans-ms
        ../../Pictures/
        ../../Recent/
        ../../Saved Games/
        ../../Searches/
        ../../SendTo/
        ../../Videos/
        ../../ntuser.dat.LOG1
        ../../ntuser.dat.LOG2
        ../../ntuser.ini
        ../../ntuser.pol
        "../../\343\200\214\345\274\200\345\247\213\343\200\215\350\217\234\345\215\225/"
nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track)

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com (master)

$ git status

On branch master
No commits yet
Untracked files:
  (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
        ../../.bash_history
        ../../.config/
        ../../.node_repl_history
        ../../3D Objects/
        ../../AppData/
        ../../Application Data/
        ../../Contacts/
        ../../Cookies/
        ../
        ../../Documents/
        ../../Downloads/
        ../../Favorites/
        ../../IntelGraphicsProfiles/
        ../../Links/
        ../../Local Settings/
        ../../MicrosoftEdgeBackups/
        ../../Music/
        ../../My Documents/
        ../../NTUSER.DAT
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TM.blf
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TMContainer00000000000000000001.regtrans-ms
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TMContainer00000000000000000002.regtrans-ms
        ../../Pictures/
        ../../Recent/
        ../../Saved Games/
        ../../Searches/
        ../../SendTo/
        ../../Videos/
        ../../ntuser.dat.LOG1
        ../../ntuser.dat.LOG2
        ../../ntuser.ini
        ../../ntuser.pol
        "../../\343\200\214\345\274\200\345\247\213\343\200\215\350\217\234\345\215\225/"
nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track)

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com (master)

$ git status

On branch master
No commits yet
Untracked files:
  (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
        ../../.bash_history
        ../../.config/
        ../../.node_repl_history
        ../../3D Objects/
        ../../AppData/
        ../../Application Data/
        ../../Contacts/
        ../../Cookies/
        ../
        ../../Documents/
        ../../Downloads/
        ../../Favorites/
        ../../IntelGraphicsProfiles/
        ../../Links/
        ../../Local Settings/
        ../../MicrosoftEdgeBackups/
        ../../Music/
        ../../My Documents/
        ../../NTUSER.DAT
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TM.blf
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TMContainer00000000000000000001.regtrans-ms
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TMContainer00000000000000000002.regtrans-ms
        ../../Pictures/
        ../../Recent/
        ../../Saved Games/
        ../../Searches/
        ../../SendTo/
        ../../Videos/
        ../../ntuser.dat.LOG1
        ../../ntuser.dat.LOG2
        ../../ntuser.ini
        ../../ntuser.pol
        "../../\343\200\214\345\274\200\345\247\213\343\200\215\350\217\234\345\215\225/"
nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track)

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com (master)

$ git add .

warning: adding embedded git repository: Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com
hint: You've added another git repository inside your current repository.
hint: Clones of the outer repository will not contain the contents of
hint: the embedded repository and will not know how to obtain it.
hint: If you meant to add a submodule, use:
hint:
hint:   git submodule add <url> Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com
hint:
hint: If you added this path by mistake, you can remove it from the
hint: index with:
hint:
hint:   git rm --cached Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com
hint:
hint: See "git help submodule" for more information.
Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com (master)
$ git add.
git: 'add.' is not a git command. See 'git --help'.
The most similar command is
        add

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com (master)

$ git add .

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com (master)

$ git status

On branch master
No commits yet
Changes to be committed:
  (use "git rm --cached <file>..." to unstage)
        new file:   www.dest.com
Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
  (commit or discard the untracked or modified content in submodules)
        modified:   www.dest.com (modified content)
Untracked files:
  (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
        ../../.bash_history
        ../../.config/
        ../../.node_repl_history
        ../../3D Objects/
        ../../AppData/
        ../../Application Data/
        ../../Contacts/
        ../../Cookies/
        ../1595293957.png
        ../1920.png
        "../2345\347\234\213\345\233\276\347\216\213.lnk"
        "../360\346\236\201\351\200\237\346\265\217\350\247\210\345\231\250.lnk"
        ../3dcb2c1578957d173de986f6997dad81.png
        "../Bootstrap \345\223\215\345\272\224\345\274\217\345\256\236\347\224\250\345\267\245\345\205\267.txt"
        ../Google Chrome.lnk
        ../Postman.lnk
        ../TextEditor_gr(www.greenxf.com).zip
        ../WPS Office.lnk
        ../desktop.ini
        ../doctor.psd
        ../ds.html
        ../new.html
        ../nodejs/
        ../s.jpg
        ../say.jpg
        ../site/
        "../\345\220\216\345\217\260\346\223\215\344\275\234\346\211\213\345\206\214\357\274\210\347\256\241\347\220\206\345\221\230\357\274\211.doc"
        "../\345\220\216\345\217\260\346\223\215\344\275\234\346\211\213\345\206\214\357\274\210\347\274\226\350\276\221\357\274\211.doc"
        "../\345\256\275\345\270\246\350\277\236\346\216\245.lnk"
        "../\345\276\256\344\277\241\345\274\200\345\217\221\350\200\205\345\267\245\345\205\267.lnk"
        "../\345\277\203.png"
        "../\345\277\240\344\273\225\345\225\206\345\212\241\351\200\232.lnk"
        "../\346\234\252\346\240\207\351\242\230-1 \346\213\267\350\264\235.jpg"
        "../\347\231\276\345\256\266\345\217\267\345\270\220\345\217\267\347\224\263\350\257\267\347\241\256\350\256\244\344\271\246.docx"
        "../\347\231\276\345\272\246\345\274\200\345\217\221\350\200\205\345\267\245\345\205\267-rc.lnk"
        "../\347\231\276\345\272\246\345\274\200\345\217\221\350\200\205\345\267\245\345\205\267.lnk"
        "../\347\231\276\345\272\246\347\275\221\347\233\230.lnk"
        "../\350\264\246\345\217\267\345\257\206\347\240\201\357\274\210\345\220\216\345\217\260\357\274\211.doc"
        "../\350\277\205\351\233\267.lnk"
        ../../Documents/
        ../../Downloads/
        ../../Favorites/
        ../../IntelGraphicsProfiles/
        ../../Links/
        ../../Local Settings/
        ../../MicrosoftEdgeBackups/
        ../../Music/
        ../../My Documents/
        ../../NTUSER.DAT
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TM.blf
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TMContainer00000000000000000001.regtrans-ms
        ../../NTUSER.DAT{0bcb3314-7df0-11e9-b8f1-000c2985f73e}.TMContainer00000000000000000002.regtrans-ms
        ../../Pictures/
        ../../Recent/
        ../../Saved Games/
        ../../Searches/
        ../../SendTo/
        ../../Videos/
        ../../ntuser.dat.LOG1
        ../../ntuser.dat.LOG2
        ../../ntuser.ini
        ../../ntuser.pol
        "../../\343\200\214\345\274\200\345\247\213\343\200\215\350\217\234\345\215\225/"

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com (master)

$ cd www.dest.com

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/dev'.
Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
        modified:   README.md
no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git add .

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git commit -m "README.md"

*** Please tell me who you are.
Run
  git config --global user.email "you@example.com"
  git config --global user.name "Your Name"
to set your account's default identity.
Omit --global to set the identity only in this repository.
fatal: unable to auto-detect email address (got 'Administrator@PC-202005152046.(none)')

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/dev'.
Changes to be committed:
  (use "git restore --staged <file>..." to unstage)
        modified:   README.md

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git add .

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/dev'.
Changes to be committed:
  (use "git restore --staged <file>..." to unstage)
        modified:   README.md

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/dev'.
Changes to be committed:
  (use "git restore --staged <file>..." to unstage)
        modified:   README.md
Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
        modified:   README.md

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git add .

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git commit -m "update README.md"

*** Please tell me who you are.
Run
  git config --global user.email "you@example.com"
  git config --global user.name "Your Name"
to set your account's default identity.
Omit --global to set the identity only in this repository.
fatal: unable to auto-detect email address (got 'Administrator@PC-202005152046.(none)')

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git config --global user.email "*********@qq.com"

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git config --global user.name "bobaosiren"

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git commit -m "update README.md"

[dev 6545452] update README.md

 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git add .

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is ahead of 'origin/dev' by 1 commit.
  (use "git push" to publish your local commits)
Changes to be committed:
  (use "git restore --staged <file>..." to unstage)

        modified:   README.md

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git commit -m "update READE.md"

[dev a2575ce] update READE.md
 1 file changed, 2 deletions(-)

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git add .

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git commit -m "update READE.md"

On branch dev
Your branch is ahead of 'origin/dev' by 2 commits.
  (use "git push" to publish your local commits)
nothing to commit, working tree clean

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is ahead of 'origin/dev' by 2 commits.
  (use "git push" to publish your local commits)
nothing to commit, working tree clean

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git push

Enumerating objects: 8, done.
Counting objects: 100% (8/8), done.
Delta compression using up to 4 threads
Compressing objects: 100% (6/6), done.
Writing objects: 100% (6/6), 689 bytes | 689.00 KiB/s, done.
Total 6 (delta 4), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 0
remote: Powered by GITEE.COM [GNK-5.0]
To https://gitee.com/dayouke/www.dest.com.git
   3c64a35..a2575ce  dev -> dev

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/dev'.
Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
        modified:   README.md
no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git add .

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git commit -m "update README.md"

[dev 03028c9] update README.md
 1 file changed, 2 deletions(-)

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is ahead of 'origin/dev' by 1 commit.
  (use "git push" to publish your local commits)
nothing to commit, working tree clean

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git add .

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is ahead of 'origin/dev' by 1 commit.
  (use "git push" to publish your local commits)
nothing to commit, working tree clean

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git commit -m "update README.md"

On branch dev
Your branch is ahead of 'origin/dev' by 1 commit.
  (use "git push" to publish your local commits)
nothing to commit, working tree clean

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git push

Enumerating objects: 5, done.
Counting objects: 100% (5/5), done.
Delta compression using up to 4 threads
Compressing objects: 100% (3/3), done.
Writing objects: 100% (3/3), 347 bytes | 347.00 KiB/s, done.
Total 3 (delta 2), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 0
remote: Powered by GITEE.COM [GNK-5.0]
To https://gitee.com/dayouke/www.dest.com.git
   a2575ce..03028c9  dev -> dev

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/dev'.
Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
        modified:   README.md
no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git add .

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git commit -m "update README.md"

[dev 1f3df20] update README.md
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git push

Enumerating objects: 5, done.
Counting objects: 100% (5/5), done.
Delta compression using up to 4 threads
Compressing objects: 100% (3/3), done.
Writing objects: 100% (3/3), 632 bytes | 632.00 KiB/s, done.
Total 3 (delta 2), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 0
remote: Powered by GITEE.COM [GNK-5.0]
To https://gitee.com/dayouke/www.dest.com.git
   03028c9..1f3df20  dev -> dev

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/dev'.
Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
        modified:   README.md
no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git add .

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git commit -m "update README.md"

[dev dc2605a] update README.md
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 3 deletions(-)

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git push

Enumerating objects: 5, done.
Counting objects: 100% (5/5), done.
Delta compression using up to 4 threads
Compressing objects: 100% (3/3), done.
Writing objects: 100% (3/3), 370 bytes | 370.00 KiB/s, done.
Total 3 (delta 2), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 0
remote: Powered by GITEE.COM [GNK-5.0]
To https://gitee.com/dayouke/www.dest.com.git
   1f3df20..dc2605a  dev -> dev

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git status

On branch dev
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/dev'.
Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
        modified:   README.md

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)anges added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")

$ git add .

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git commit -m "update README.md"

[dev c98d51d] update README.md
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Administrator@PC-202005152046 MINGW64 ~/Desktop/dest.com/www.dest.com (dev)

$ git push

Enumerating objects: 5, done.
Counting objects: 100% (5/5), done.
Delta compression using up to 4 threads
Compressing objects: 100% (3/3), done.
Writing objects: 100% (3/3), 372 bytes | 372.00 KiB/s, done.
Total 3 (delta 2), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 0
remote: Powered by GITEE.COM [GNK-5.0]
To https://gitee.com/dayouke/www.dest.com.git
   dc2605a..c98d51d  dev -> dev
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